First disciples of Jesus - Wikipedia
Apostles Know and Bear Special Witness That Jesus Is the Christ First, how did the Apostle Paul gain what was necessary to be called an apostle? President Boyd K. Packer (–) of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles spoke of the. Of course, he was not amongst the original Twelve, but replaced Judas, as the twelfth apostle. Elder Paisios of Mount Athos · A Model for Priests: St. John of Kronstadt Of the Holy Apostles chosen by Christ, one seems always to be overlooked. Many do not know that Matthias was originally Zacchaeus. kenhead, who would persuade us that the best will. be when we who are of the faith of the New Testament know that this cannot be. In fine, they had been given a vision of God in Jesus Christ, and they . an appointment to Brighton for twelve months has, at terest and value with the Acts of the Apostles. Mr.•Grant .
Chapter 5: The Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
Thomas ruled the province of Moreathe medieval name for the Peloponnese. Inwhen the Ottomans crossed the Strait of Corinth, Palaeologus fled Patras for exile in Italy, bringing with him what was purported to be the skull of Saint Andrew.
Peter's Basilica in the Vatican. Cardinal Augustin Bea along with many other cardinals presented the skull to Bishop Constantine of Patras on 24 September Victor in Marseilles  until it returned to Patras on 19 January All the relics, which consist of the small finger, the skull part of the top of the cranium of Saint Andrewand the cross on which he was martyredhave been kept in the Church of St.
Andrew at Patras in a special shrine and are revered in a special ceremony every 30 November, his feast day. This tradition was apparently derived from the Byzantine sources, particularly Nicetas of Paphlagonia died c.
The thesis was made canonical by the Georgian church council in The former date, dedicated to Saint Andrew's arrival in Georgia, is a public holiday in Georgia. Cyprus[ edit ] Cypriot tradition holds that a ship which was transporting Saint Andrew went off course and ran aground. Upon coming ashore, Andrew struck the rocks with his staff at which point a spring of healing waters gushed forth. Using it, the sight of the ship's captain, who had been blind in one eye, was restored.
Andrew the Apostle
Bartholomew Bartholomew may have been the man John's Gospel calls Nathaniel, who joined Jesus at the same time as Philip. The name Bartholomew means "son of Tolmai", so it is possible that Nathaniel was his given name. Although initially prejudiced against anyone coming from Nazareth, Nathaniel let Philip take him to meet Jesus.
Jesus described Nathaniel as an Israelite with no guile, and proved his power by saying he had seen him in the past under a fig tree. John's Gospel does not explain what the fig tree incident was, or if it was a figure of speech, but this convinced Nathaniel, who immediately said that Jesus was the son of God. The 4th-century bishop Eusebius, known as the "Father of Church History", records a legend that Bartholomew preached in India and gave the Church there a treasured copy of the Gospel of Matthew written in Hebrew.
In the 2nd century, when St. Pantaenus of Alexandria travelled to India, he was shown the Gospel and told Bartholomew had been there before him.
Bartholomew is said to have died at Albanopolis in Armenia, where he had converted the King Polymius to Christianity and was killed by the king's brother Astyages in revenge. Most legends say his skin was flayed off his body and he was crucified upside down. Others say he was beheaded. The Catholic Encyclopedia lists both but does not give their original sources.
BBC Religion & Ethics - Who were the twelve disciples?
Thomas Thomas is also called Didymus, meaning "the twin", and his full name is sometimes given as Judas Thomas. The Gospels do not give details of his life before meeting Jesus. An apocryphal text called The Acts of Thomas suggests that he was the twin brother of Jesus and a carpenter and stonemason by profession, but this is not widely accepted.
We know most about Thomas from John's Gospel. When Jesus planned to return to Judea, where he would be in danger of being put to death, Thomas bravely spoke up "Let us also go, so that we may die with him.
Thomas did not understand and asked how they would know the way there, to which Jesus replied with his famous words "I am the way, and the truth, and the life". Thomas's most famous moment, and the source of his other nickname, "Doubting Thomas", came after Jesus was resurrected.
When the other disciples told Thomas what they had seen, he refused to believe it until he saw Jesus and touched his crucifixion wounds for himself.
Although Jesus rebuked Thomas for doubting, this event resulted in Thomas being the first to acknowledge Jesus's divinity aloud with the words "My Lord and my God!What Happened to the Apostles & Why Does It Matter
The apocryphal Acts of Thomas records that he travelled from there to India, where he converted the king of Mylapore, near Madras modern day Chennaiand performed further miracles. Thomas is supposed to have been martyred in India, but there is no support for this, even in the apocryphal Acts of Thomas.
It is possible Jesus named him Matthew after recruiting him as a disciple. He is sometimes also called Matthew the Publican. Jesus met Matthew in a customs house in Capernaeum, modern-day Israel. In Matthew's case, he would have worked for Herod Antipas. These tax workers were figures of hatred among the Jews of Judea, so for Jesus to recruit one as a disciple was an unpopular move. In Matthew's Gospel, the first of the Gospels to be written, the author himself is not often mentioned.
After meeting Jesus in the customs house, Matthew invited him and his disciples to his home for a meal. After this, he left home to follow Jesus.
The rest of Matthew's life is not recorded in the Bible. Irenaeus wrote that Matthew preached to the Hebrews. Eusebius recorded that Matthew wrote and distributed his Gospel in the Hebrew language wherever he travelled. He may have visited Ethiopia and Persia. Most sources agree that Matthew died a martyr's death, but there is disagreement about how he died. The Catholic Encyclopaedia mentions burning, stoning or beheading. He is called "James the brother of the Lord" Jesus in the book of Galatians, but despite this apparent Biblical evidence he may not have been Jesus's brother by blood or even a brother-in-law from Joseph's earlier marriage.
The Catholic Church considers James, and other men referred to as Jesus's "brethren", to be his close associates rather than relatives.
This is partly because tradition says that Jesus's mother Mary had no other children, and partly because at his crucifixion Jesus sent Mary to live with the apostle John, which would not have been necessary if she had had other sons to take care of her. James appears to have been highly placed in the Jerusalem Church: Church History records that he was their first bishop. James supported Peter in the decision to let uncircumcised non-Jews into the Church.
The second-century Jewish Christian Hegesippus, recorded that James became known as "James the Just" and was very pious, never drinking alcohol or eating meat, and that he never bathed, shaved or anointed himself. The early theologian Clement of Alexandria, quoted in Church History, wrote that James was thrown from the roof of the temple in Jerusalem and "beaten to death with a club by a fuller".
Paul used the occasion to announce a change in his mission which from then on would be to the Gentiles. The exact duration of Paul's stay in Antioch is unknown, with estimates ranging from nine months to as long as eight years.
First disciples of Jesus
Circumcision controversy in early Christianity A vital meeting between Paul and the Jerusalem church took place some time in the years 50—51,  described in Acts The Jerusalem meetings are mentioned in Acts, and also in Paul's letters. Bruce suggested that the "fourteen years" could be from Paul's conversion rather than from his first visit to Jerusalem.
Incident at Antioch Despite the agreement achieved at the Council of Jerusalem, Paul recounts how he later publicly confronted Peter in a dispute sometimes called the " Incident at Antioch ", over Peter's reluctance to share a meal with Gentile Christians in Antioch because they did not strictly adhere to Jewish customs.
How is it, then, that you force Gentiles to follow Jewish customs? The Catholic Encyclopedia suggests that Paul won the argument, because "Paul's account of the incident leaves no doubt that Peter saw the justice of the rebuke". Michael White 's From Jesus to Christianity draws the opposite conclusion: This sermon addressed early issues in Christology. On their trip around the Mediterranean sea, Paul and his companion Barnabas stopped in Antioch where they had a sharp argument about taking John Mark with them on their trips.
The book of Acts said that John Mark had left them in a previous trip and gone home. In Lystra, they met Timothya disciple who was spoken well of, and decided to take him with them. Paul and his companions, Silas and Timothy, had plans to journey to the southwest portion of Asia Minor to preach the gospel but during the night, Paul had a vision of a man of Macedonia standing and begging him to go to Macedonia to help them.
After seeing the vision, Paul and his companions left for Macedonia to preach the gospel to them. They turned the city against the missionaries, and Paul and Silas were put in jail.