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and soon they must all confront a secret that's been kept in the shadows for far see this acclaimed Broadway musical about the life-changing thrill of first love. Nothing but the blues, from the earliest to the latest, all genres – Listen to Nothing But The Blues instantly on your tablet, phone or browser - no downloads. make Renee Rosen's sweeping tale of forbidden love and civil rights an intoxicating read.”—Alix Rickloff, author of Secrets of Nanreath Hall.
His stinging guitar and accomplished vocal style have won him fans citywide. Joe Moss is one representative of the future of the blues. Not just an imitator of the music's glorious past, he strives to find his own sound and material within the styles he chooses to play.
His band features some of Chicago's finest blues musicians and Joe himself is a consistent and entertaining performer. Blues fans would be wise to check out Joe Moss and his band as soon as they can.
Any worries about this music surviving in the new millennium will surely be put to rest. With Wells as his mentor, Albert performed at clubs and festivals across America, as well as in Canada and Europe. With the release of These are the Days, Albert Castiglia makes a statement as a major force in the blues. Enter this contest and win! Working on the next contest - keep watching for our announcement.
The Barrie-based agency provides specialized programming for children two-and-half years of age and older. Chris Smart pictured above will perform with the Real Deal, his band of more than seven years. Wal-Mart's CD markdowns worry music industry Lower prices may come at a high cost for the music industry. Wal-Mart—the largest retailer of music with an estimated 22 percent market share—proposed a five-tiered pricing plan to the major record companies that allows the discounter to sell albums at even lower prices, requiring the four major labels to pay more of the costs.
Do we give up 20 percent of our business i. Wal-Mart in order to not lose the entire business? If accepted, the markdown will not necessarily affect independent brick-and-mortar record stores' pricing, however. Most of Levin's concerns lie in the effects Wal-Mart's move will have on the art itself. The transaction was approved without conditions, despite opposition from consumer groups and an intense lobbying campaign by the land-based radio industry.
The combination still requires approval from the Federal Communications Commission, which prohibited a merger when it first granted satellite radio operating licenses in The Justice Department, in a statement explaining its decision, said the combination of the companies won't hurt competition because the companies are not competing today.
Customers must buy equipment that is exclusive to either XM or Sirius, and subscribers rarely switch providers. The government also appeared to endorse a central argument the companies used in pushing for their merger: The companies have pledged that the combined firm will offer listeners more pricing options and greater choice and flexibility in the channel lineups they receive. Fund out to strike a chord on vintage guitars Baffled by the complexity of modern financial instruments?
The Guitar Fund, being pitched to investors by Anchorage Capital, a London boutique investment bank, aims to profit mainly by buying electric guitars and classical guitars, plus mandolins, banjos and amplifiers.
The fund is the latest in a series of non-traditional investments known as "alternative alternatives", sold on the basis that their performance is not linked to stock and bond markets.
October 19,Detroit, Michigan Also known as: Eddie James House, Jr. Son House was originally a preacher, and he brought the fiery intensity of Baptist gospel to his interpretation of Delta blues. A powerfully emotional performer, his presence onstage was riveting and almost frightening in its ability to move the listener.
He was influenced by and often played with blues greats Charley Patton and Willie Brown, yet his style remained distinctly his own. He is credited as the primary influence on blues legends Robert Johnson and Muddy Waters as well as Bonnie Raitt and many others. House disappeared from the blues scene from the early s through the mids, until researchers tracked him down, whereupon he began a second career as a respected performer.
His past association with Patton and Johnson, as well as his own legendary skill, made him particularly valuable and respected as a living record of blues history.
As music critic Cub Koda put it, "Hailed as the greatest living Delta singer still actively performing, nobody dared call themselves the king of the blues as long as Son House was around. June 10,West Point, Mississippi Died: January 10,Hines, Illinois Also known as: Chester Arthur Burnett Howlin' Wolf was inspired by the passionate showmanship of legends Charley Patton and Tommy Johnson, but he took it to the next level. More than just a great showman, "the howler" was an almost transcendent performer, losing himself in the power of the music and letting it flow uninhibitedly through his voice.
Wolf was a hero of many equally gritty rock and rollers, including the Rolling Stones. Like many Mississippi bluesmen, Wolf saw his career take off in Chicago, where to this day he is an enduring and beloved part of the city's history. July 3,Teoc, Mississippi Died: November 2,Grenada, Mississippi Also known as: John Smith Hurt Mississippi John Hurt brought unprecedented warmth to the blues, characterized by his gentle, gracious presence as a performer and the tenderness and depth of his songwriting.
Hurt mastered a form of finger picking on the guitar that significantly influenced generations of blues, folk and rock musicians. From the time he was 14, Hurt performed locally in and near his tiny hometown while making his living as a farm laborer. Like other Mississippi masters, he was tracked down later in life by a blues fan and scholar and introduced to the burgeoning blues revival of the mids. During the last three years of his life, to his surprise and delight, he was accepted with open arms by thousands of fans and subsequently made his living as a performer.
He has influenced the musicianship and songwriting of blues, folk and rock and his musical descendants include Taj Mahal, Ben Harper, Bob Dylan and many others. June 27,Richland, Mississippi Died: May 24,Chicago, Illinois Elmore James was a master of slide guitar, and has influenced just about everyone who has ever picked up a slide.
His powerful vocals would naturally and dramatically crack and catch, giving authenticity to his sound. His style as a vocalist and guitarist were heavily influenced by Robert Johnson, and his reworking of Johnson's original " I Believe I'll Dust My Broom" became a signature hit for him under the shortened title "Dust My Broom".
Like his contemporary Muddy Waters, James brought his version of Delta blues to Chicago, where his amazing band, the Broomdusters, added to the city's superb music scene. James has influenced blues and rock and roll musicians, from B. June 21,Bentonia, Mississippi Died: October 3,Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Also known as: Nehemiah Curtis James Skip James is known for his unique, haunting style of blues.
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He combined falsetto vocals with minor chords, complex finger picking, an idiosyncratic tuning, and a highly personal style of songwriting to create some of the genre's most original music. James was one of Robert Johnson's biggest influences; his original song "Devil Got My Woman" was reworked by Johnson and became the latter's signature hit "Hellhound on my Trail".
Like many of his contemporaries of the early Delta blues scene, he turned to another means of livelihood, becoming a preacher at the age of 30 and turning his musical attention to gospel. By chance James was rediscovered during the early s, and subsequently thrilled blues fans at the Newport Folk Festival, thereby re-launching his career.
It was obvious that his musical skills were still as sharp as ever and his unique style was intact. JulyCouchman, Texas Died: December,Chicago, Illinois Also known as: Bates Blind Lemon Jefferson was a groundbreaking artist on many levels, and is the undisputed father of Texas blues.
Walker, in fact, knew Jefferson and was directly influenced by him. Even early in his career Jefferson's remarkable talent was evident. He built a fan base playing on the streets of Dallas, and was able to provide for his family on those earnings. He recorded close to songs within only four years, and his commercial success broke ground for male blues singers in an era where the genre was dominated by women, such as Ma Rainey and Bessie Smith.
As a talented songwriter he shifted the common practice of blues vocalists primarily performing songs written by others.
His original material includes many blues classics. His passionate performance style featured powerful, rough vocals designed to reach the masses from Texas street corners. Johnson was a talented songwriter as well as a superb slide guitarist.
He would pick the melody while accompanying himself with a bass line he'd play with his thumb, and he reportedly played slide with a pocketknife rather than the customary bottleneck. During the s Johnson did some recording for Columbia.
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A number of his songs became classics, and have been covered by many artists, including Eric Clapton, Peter, Paul and Mary and Ry Cooder. May 8,Hazelhurst, Mississippi Died: August 28,Greenwood, Mississippi A young Robert Johnson hung around the Saturday night dances in the Delta watching Son House, Willie Brown and Charley Patton play and, to their amusement, trying to play guitar during the breaks.
Years later Johnson ran into House and Brown, and Johnson's skill on the instrument stunned them. His tortured voice and emotional intensity seemed to give credence to the legend, although it is more likely that his own determination and inherent talent, as well as his exposure to the great Delta bluesmen, deserve the credit for his genius.
In addition to being a gifted lyricist and composer and innovative guitarist, Johnson transferred "boogie woogie" from the piano to the guitar, playing the bottom guitar strings to accompany himself with a bass line, a technique that has become standard in blues composition. November 1,Crystal Springs, Mississippi Tommy Johnson was a hell-raiser who could belt out the blues with a wide vocal range, from a low throaty snarl to a high falsetto.
He had a dramatic flair in performance similar to his contemporary, Delta blues king Charley Patton, and in the early, pre-Robert Johnson days his influence on the genre was second only to that of Patton and Son House. He was not a virtuoso on the guitar, but had an original, evocative style, well-matched to his theatrical delivery. Johnson was also the quintessential blues bad boy, with a penchant for rampant womanizing and for alcohol, the latter of which led him to drastic extremes.
He was known to down denatured alcohol, used for artificial heat, when the real thing wasn't available, a habit he documented in his original song "Canned Heat," from which the s blues-rock group took its name. Johnson left behind a small but outstanding collection of recordings, almost all of which became classics. Jones's first hit, "It's Not Unusual," reached number one in the U. He followed that up with a steady string of hits throughout the sixties, and eventually landed his own TV series.
Other milestones include a superb recording collaboration with the Chieftains and an acclaimed performance at the legendary Glastonbury Festival, both in the early nineties. Jones remains an esteemed performer worldwide, and continues to tour and record; his latest release, Mr.
Jones, is a collaboration with acclaimed hip hop artist Wyclef Jean. April 25,Indianola, Mississippi Died: December 21, Also known as: Albert Nelson As a child an enterprising Albert King reportedly built his own guitar out of a cigar box. A brilliant guitarist in his own right, King was originally inspired by Texas blues great Blind Lemon Jefferson.
King, he was a master of single string solos and used the technique of "string bending" to great emotional effect. He was also left-handed, and instead of restringing the guitar, he just learned to play it upside down, which added an original tone to his style. His blues are infused with a Memphis soul sound; he became a rock and blues star after signing to the Memphis-based Stax label, which was responsible for some of the finest soul music ever recorded.
King always managed to keep his sound fresh and original, and had a significant impact on blues and rock; he has influenced Eric Clapton, Robert Clay, Stevie Ray Vaughan and Otis Rush, among others. He had the honor of playing San Francisco's Fillmore West on opening night with John Mayall and Jimi Hendrix and often shared the bill with rock artists throughout his career.
King continued to tour until his death in September 16,Indianola, Mississippi Also known as: King's career has spanned five decades and taken him from the clubs of Memphis to the finest concert halls in the world. He's known as the King of the Blues, and for his enduring and successful efforts as a gracious, respected blues diplomat he deserves much of the credit for the genre's mainstream popularity and recognition.
Early in his career King worked as a Memphis disc jockey, where he was known as the Beale Street Blues Boy, which was later shortened to B.
Although King's roots are in Delta blues, his sound has always been more polished, probably due to his wide variety of influences, which include jazz, gospel and pop.
He also "bends" the strings, which continues the sound in a way that enhances the music's emotion. King continues to record and perform as powerfully as ever. October 14,Baton Rouge, Louisiana Also known as: Chris Thomas The essence of Chris Thomas King's versatile, heavily blues-influenced music can perhaps best be hinted at with a quick sample of his album titles: King's early influences leaned toward soul, rock and reggae, specifically Prince, Jimi Hendrix and Bob Marley, but it was inevitable that his blues birthright as the son of Louisiana bluesman Tabby Thomas would eventually wend its way into his work.
King toured Europe with his father inand since then the blues have been an integral part of his work. Throughout his career he has fused the blues with hip hop, rap, funk and soul, and also has repeatedly returned to a more pure form of blues, exploring the soul and history of the music in a critically acclaimed, always-evolving body of work.
King is most recently known for his appearance on the award-winning soundtrack from the film O Brother Where Art Thouin which he also played a supporting role. Read an archived version of King's Washington Post online chat. March 20,Birmingham, Alabama Sam Lay is the quintessential blues drummer, and was a major figure on the Chicago blues scene in the 's.
Lay was part of Butterfield's band when they backed Bob Dylan at his infamous premier electric performance at the Newport Folk Festival. Lay is famous for the "double shuffle" beat, which, like Bo Diddley's famous rock beat, was originally inspired by the clapping rhythms of gospel congregations. Lay has been nominated for several W. January 20,Mooringsport, Louisiana Died: Huddie William Ledbetter By all accounts Lead Belly was a captivating performer, and the story of his colorful life certainly gives credence to the reputation.
Lead Belly was an itinerant musician, and a living catalogue of many musical traditions and influences, from folk to country blues to prison songs to ballads. His wide repertoire carried a rich sense of black history. He traveled and played for a time with Blind Lemon Jefferson, who was probably his primary blues influence and reportedly taught him how to play slide guitar. It was folklorist John Lomax who recognized Lead Belly as a national treasure and orchestrated his second prison release on those grounds, later recording him and organizing performances.
Lead Belly later moved to New York and became an integral part of the city's folk scene. During his lifetime he never experienced the success and recognition he deserved, but his influence on American music is incalculable.
He has inspired many songwriters, including Bob Dylan, and his recordings document a rich musical legacy that without him might have been forgotten. May 5,Monticello, Mississippi Died: April 29,Urbana, Illinois J. Lenoir probably picked up his solid "boogie woogie" influence in New Orleans, where he spent some time performing before he settled into Chicago's blues scene during the fifties and sixties.
Once Lenoir made it to Chicago, Big Bill Broonzy helped introduce him to the local blues community, and he became an important part of the city's blues scene. He was a talented songwriter and bluesman with an obvious political awareness. Lenoir's recordings are also distinctive for their excellent saxophone arrangements and unconventional drumming Alex Atkins and Ernest Cotton were often on sax with Al Gavin on drums.
Lenoir had successfully toured Europe and was likely about to achieve greater fame when he died in due to complications from a car accident. December 5,Macon, Georgia Also known as: The true peak of his career only lasted three years and included appearances in rock and roll filmsbut his many hits are absolute classics and he had an enormous influence on blues, rock, and pop music.
Like other performers such as Son House and Blind Willie Johnson, the religious fervor Little Richard brought to his music was key to its riveting appeal. In he actually turned his back on his music career in favor of religious studies. He came back to music in the early s, and later repeated the journey from music to religion and back again. Little Richard continues to perform on occasion. January 15,Austin, Texas Died: July 19,Sarasota, Florida Alan Lomax began his long career as a folklorist when he was still a teenager, traveling with his father, John, throughout the South to preserve the area's music legacy of folk, work songs and spirituals, among other music.
He also recorded jazz legend Jelly Roll Morton. Lomax's life was dedicated to preserving the musical legacy of not only the United States, but other parts of the world as well, including Europe and the Caribbean. His blues recordings are classics, and in his award-winning memoir, The Land Where the Blues Began, he not only chronicled the history of the blues as seen through his field experiences, but also captured the bitter racism that was faced by the now-legendary artists he recorded.
Lomax left behind an invaluable musical and historical legacy. November 30,Knoxville, Tennessee Died: February 23,Oakland, California Also known as: Walter McGhee Brownie McGhee played blues guitar in a style that was heavily influenced by Blind Boy Fuller, a North Carolina native whose repertoire included a complicated finger picking style characteristic of a regional genre known as Piedmont blues.
Early in his career, McGhee worked as a traveling performer. Long, and it was Long who helped McGhee make his first recordings.
As a duo they were enormously popular performers and prolific recording artists for almost four decades. McGhee also opened a music school in Harlem where he offered guitar lessons. Both individually and in his partnership with Sonny Terry, McGhee had a lasting influence on both blues and folk.
August 7,Grenada, Mississippi Also known as: He might not be the King of the Blues in Chicago, but he's certainly one of the royal family. Slim came to Chicago in the mid-fifties with the hopes of becoming a great bluesman, but didn't have the skill level to hold his own with the city's stars.
He came back ten years later having honed his licks and formed a band with his brothers; the group soon became a powerful force on the city's South Side. Decades and personnel changes later Slim and his band still maintain a reputation for blowing the room away with their powerful lead and rhythm guitar stylings and a truly amazing repertoire, including fine original material. Mahal has mastered many instruments, including piano, bass, guitar, banjo and harmonica, and is an expressive vocalist.
His deep respect for the true roots of all musical styles is evident in his performance. Stories of legendary and obscure artists from blues and other genres as well as various musical styles and influences are often interspersed between songs.
Mahal began performing as a folk singer while he was still a teenager, and during college he became part of Boston's folk scene. He eventually moved to Los Angeles where for a short time he worked with guitar master Ry Cooder.
Mahal's loyalty to blues can be found on most of the albums he has released in his prolific career, and is particularly evident in his early, critically-acclaimed releases. Taj Mahal continues to record and perform. November 29,Manchester, England John Mayall's considerable talent as a composer and performer is often overshadowed by the influence of his ever-changing band, the Bluesbreakers, which has been in existence since the early 's, and early on gained a prestigious reputation that has endured to the present day.
Mayall brought together a stunning array of talent in the groundbreaking group, which mined the annals of American blues history in addition to performing original music. The group was partly experimental, and as a result its sound was inconsistent, but much of it was outstanding.
Many members of the Bluesbreakers subsequently became superstars. Even a short list of the band's veterans reads like a who's who in enduring sixties and seventies blues-rock: Mayall continues to perform, often with longtime Bluesbreakers veterans and other blues legends. June 3,Algiers, Louisiana Died: August 6,Memphis, Tennessee Also known as: Lizzie Douglas Memphis Minnie was an accomplished guitarist, banjo player, vocalist and songwriter whose career was long and prolific, and she won the enduring respect of her contemporaries, male and female.
Her talent had an impact on Memphis's famed Beale Street blues community as well as both the pre-war and post-war Chicago blues scene. She established herself on Beale Street during the s, then moved to Chicago inwhere she reportedly regularly won guitar playing competitions, beating out the best of them, including Big Bill Broonzy, Tampa Red, and Muddy Waters.
In addition to her superb musicianship, her performance featured rich vocals with a deep, full tone. Her songwriting, often conveying a purely female perspective, was as gutsy and suggestive as any of her male counterparts, and many of her originals have become classics.
Among her many contributions to the blues, she was also known for her kindness and generosity toward up and coming blues musicians. April 4,Rolling Forks, Mississippi Died: April 30,Westmont, Illinois Also known as: He picked up a guitar when he was Influenced by the deeply emotional performer Son House as well as Robert Johnson, Waters became an accomplished bluesman himself.
In the early s he took the raw depth of the Delta blues to Chicago, and in a few years he had revolutionized the city's blues scene. His many contributions to Chicago blues include his skill with an electric guitar, his tough, powerful vocals, and his evocative, compelling songwriting.
August 6,Memphis, Tennessee Died: July 8,Leland, Mississippi Willie Nix was an innovative drummer and gifted lyricist as well as vocalist, and was an integral part of Memphis's Beale Street blues community during the late forties and early fifties.
Nix recorded and played in both Memphis and Chicago, and worked with legendary bluesmen in both cities, among them Junior Parker, B. Nix eventually moved back to Memphis and continued to be a local fixture in the blues community.
He performed on and off until his death in March 27,West Memphis, Arkansas Died: November 18,Chicago, Illinois Also known as: Parker was mentored in the subtleties of blues harp harmonica by the blues legend Sonny Boy Williamson II, and joined Howlin' Wolf's band when he was still a teenager. He was part of Memphis's famous Beale Street blues community. Parker's recordings would make the charts many more times throughout the decade and into the early sixties. Though he never was able to sustain the fame he'd achieved during the fifties, Parker continued working as a recording artist and performer throughout the sixties.
His ferocious, high energy performance brought the house down on a regular basis with a gritty, raw vocal style and an ability to act as a one-man percussion section with his guitar, creating an innovative flow of rhythm and counter-rhythm.
Patton's legacy has inspired, directly and indirectly, generations of both blues and rock and roll musicians. The guitar gymnastics of Jimi Hendrix and Stevie Ray Vaughan are echoes of Patton's performance style, and his use of rhythm and "popping" bass notes presaged funk by decades. January 1,Florence, Alabama Died: July 31,Memphis, Tennessee Sam Phillips has had an enormous impact on music, particularly blues, rock and roll and rockabilly.
As an innovative producer and owner of Memphis's legendary Sun Studios, Phillips made his mark on music history by discovering and recording such legends as Elvis Presley, Johnny Cash, Carl Perkins and others. Slightly earlier in his career, however, Phillips recorded many blues legends, including Howlin' Wolf, B. King, Little Milton and Junior Parker.
Phillip's obvious gift for bringing out the best in his recording artists is evident on early Sun recordings, which are also known for their live, vital sound.
Sun Studios still exists in its original Memphis location. December 19,Bogalusa, Louisiana Died: January 30,New Orleans, Louisiana Also known as: He was a vocalist and songwriter, and as a pianist his wildly innovative style combined zydeco, jazz, blues, calypso and ragtime influences with an amazing sense of rhythm. John, and Fats Domino, among others. During most of his career he remained a local legend because of his lack of interest in touring, but many of his recordings became New Orleans classics, including "Tipitina," for which the legendary nightclub was named.
Longhair's popularity subsided during the 's and he worked as a janitor until his performance career was revived in the early seventies. April 26,Columbus, Georgia Died: December 22,Columbus, Georgia Also known as: Gertrude Pridgett Ma Rainey is commonly known as the Mother of the Blues because of her significant influence on the many female blues singers who succeeded her.
She began performing in minstrel and vaudeville shows around the age of 14, and is widely considered to be one of the first female singers to perform blues in that setting.
She was an important link between the rough vocals of country blues, then a male-dominated genre which her vocal delivery resembled, and the more polished sound of classic urban blues, a female-dominated genre which she ultimately influenced. In Rainey married William known as Pa Rainey, and the two of them performed together calling themselves "Assasinators of the Blues.
In addition to Rainey's vocal prowess, she was also a talented songwriter. After more than two decades of performing, Rainey began to record inand she left behind a prolific legacy that includes many classics. Her considerable skill made an impression on Boston's blues scene, and she quickly won the respect of her peers, later playing with blues legends Howlin' Wolf, Son House, Muddy Waters, and others. Like her female predecessors, her music often features a gender-specific spin on the blues; her original interpretation of Chris Smither's "Love Me Like a Man" contains a clever response to Muddy Waters's "Rock Me," and her rendition of Sippie Wallace's "Women Be Wise" likewise offers a refreshing female perspective.
In the eighties Raitt's career slowed somewhat until the release of the aptly-titled Nick of Time inat which point, in the words of blues historian Robert Santelli, she "pulled off one of the greatest career turnarounds in modern pop history. She continues to record and tour. The Big Book of Blues. September 9,Dunleith, Mississippi Died: August 29,Oakland, California Also known as: Reed and his guitarist Eddie Taylor were childhood friends in Mississippi, and they later settled in Chicago, where they would became a unique recording presence.
Some of Reed's success was also due to his wife Mary Lee's considerable talent as a songwriter. Reed's recordings were hugely popular with both blues and pop audiences; he enjoyed a long series of hits from through Many of his songs have been covered by blues, rock and roll and pop artists, including the Rolling Stones, who along with Bob Dylan acknowledge him as a huge influence.
Even the king of rock and roll, Elvis Presley, couldn't resist recording a Jimmy Reed song. The band took their name from a Muddy Waters song, a testament to the fact that they were avid fans of classic blues. As a young man, outrageously charismatic front man and songwriter Mick Jagger was a regular mail-order customer of the Chicago blues label Chess Records the band would later record there and work for years with the co-founder's son Marshall.
Guitarists Brian Jones and Keith Richards who formed a notoriously brilliant songwriting partnership with Jagger were both heavily influenced by Delta blues; Jones idolized legendary blues slide guitarist Elmore James and Richards's highly influential playing made considerable use of the genre's open chord tunings.
The Blues . The Songs & the Artists . Biographies . Alphabetic | PBS
Jones left the band just before his death and was replaced by Mick Taylor, a veteran of John Mayall's Bluesbreakers. Wyman left the group inand was replaced in by Daryl Jones. The Rolling Stones, who continue to tour, are commonly regarded as one of the most influential bands in the history of music.
He has received several nominations for the prestigious W.