Medieval Medicine: The Four Humors
This is a little helper for our Four Temperaments page. This short test was designed to help you figure out your classical personality type: Sanguine, Phlegmatic. But it turns out that sometimes they're still used as a reference point — and, indeed, you can actually find out what your four humors personality. Take the Assessment · About Temperaments · 4 Primaries · 15 Blends · Shop · Free The Choleric is the least occurring of the four temperaments, and a female Choleric is They are slow to build relationships, and tend to have only a few close The Sanguine is extroverted, fun-loving, playful, activity-prone, impulsive, .
In four less ideal types, one of the four qualities was dominant over all the others. In the remaining four types, one pair of qualities dominated the complementary pair; for example, warm and moist dominated cool and dry. These latter four were the temperamental categories Galen named "sanguine", "choleric", "melancholic" and "phlegmatic" after the bodily humors, respectively. Each was the result of an excess of one of the humors that produced, in turn, the imbalance in paired qualities.
Hans Eysenck — was one of the first psychologists to analyze personality differences using a psycho- statistical method factor analysisand his research led him to believe that temperament is biologically based.
The factors he proposed in his book Dimensions of Personality were Neuroticism Nthe tendency to experience negative emotions, and Extraversion Ethe tendency to enjoy positive events, especially social ones.
The Four Temperaments
By pairing the two dimensionsEysenck noted how the results were similar to the four ancient temperaments. Examples are DiSC assessmentsocial styles, and a theory that adds a fifth temperament. Finally, the Interaction Styles of Linda V. Modern medical science has rejected the theories of the four temperaments, though their use persists as a metaphor within certain psychological fields.
They think big and seek positions of authority. Cholerics tend to not be angry, although their assertive push to get results may be interpreted as anger. They are quickly aroused, but quickly calmed. Some Sanguines will be very strong, others somewhat strong, and still others more mild.
Sanguines are naturally people-oriented. They have an active, positive movement in a favorable environment.
They influence their environment by encouraging others to work together. The Sanguine is by far the most versatile of the four temperaments. The Choleric, Phlegmatic, and Melancholy are all limited in what they can do, the Sanguine is not.
The Choleric temperament is the fewest in number, and the Phlegmatic and Melancholy temperaments are not change agents, preferring to adapt to their environment. The Sanguine has the potential for the widest range of behavior due to possessing the widest range of emotions.
This allows them to participate based on their second temperament in any kind of human activity. They like to participate in, or change, their environment. The areas of business, politics, sports, and entertainment, to name a few, are dominated by the Sanguine temperament. The Sanguine is extroverted, fun-loving, playful, activity-prone, impulsive, entertaining, persuasive, easily amused, and optimistic. They are enthusiastic, expressive, and tend to be very affectionate.
Sanguines are personable, receptive, open to others, and build relationships quickly. They are animated, excitable, approachable, accepting, and trusting of others. They will smile, and talk easily and often. It is not unusual to feel as if you have known one who is Sanguine for years after the first meeting. They make and keep friends easily.
They get so involved in conversations that they easily forget about time, and are often late arriving at their destination. Sanguines are easily bored if not involved in social activity.
Four temperaments - Wikipedia
Their attention span is based on whether or not they are interested in the person or event. They can change their focus or interest in an instant if they become bored. When telling a story, Sanguines often exaggerate what happened or leave out important details. They make the story exciting, and they may not let the facts get in the way! Sanguines are very competitive. They usually like sports of any kind because of their natural desire to be active and involved with people.
They tend to be disorganized and easily forget where they left something. They sometimes have difficulty controlling their thoughts and emotions. Actually, they tend not to store their thoughts and feelings—if they think it or feel it, they share it! Their voice will show excitement and friendliness. Sanguines enjoy dressing according to current fashion.
Your temperaments blend may be...
They fear rejection or not making a favorable impression. Sanguines also fear others viewing them as unsuccessful. Sanguines are very effective working with others. Sanguines are easily distracted and can change quickly. The traits of the primary temperament, Phlegmatic, may be altered or modified in some significant way determined by the influence of the secondary temperament.
Some Phlegmatics will be very strong, others somewhat strong, and still others more mild. Phlegmatics are naturally service-oriented. They are passive in both favorable and unfavorable environments.
They influence their environment by cooperating with others to carry out the task. They tend to not be highly ambitious and they tend to lack a sense of urgency both due to their passive nature. Phlegmatics are introverted, calm, unemotional, easygoing, indecisive, patient, and agreeable. They are both slow and indirect when responding to others. Phlegmatics are slow to warm-up, but will be accommodating in the process. They are by far the easiest people with whom to get along—as long as you do not try to alter their routine or ask them to change.
Phlegmatics live a quiet, routine life free of the normal anxieties of the other temperaments. They avoid getting too involved with people, and life in general, preferring a private, low-key life-style, centered around home and family. Phlegmatics seldom exert themselves with others or push their way along in their career. They just let it happen. They make good team players. They communicate a warm, sincere interest in others, preferring to have just a few close friends.
They are possessive of their friendships and material things. Phlegmatics will be very loyal to their friends. However, once a relationship is broken, they seldom return.
Phlegmatics strongly resist change.