Terrorism and media relationship

terrorism and media relationship

on the accomplishment of their aims. Between media and terrorism there exists a very interactive (symbiotic) relationship, because media industry trends and. It is well recognised that some form of symbiotic relationship exists between the news media and perpetrators of spectacular terrorist incidents. One of the most. Less frequent are stand-alone monographs. A considerable amount of the books on the terrorism–news media relationship are edited collections (e.g. Midgley.

This contradicts the evidence that proves that most terrorist movements fade away without attaining their strategic goals. Media Frames a Distorted Threat Perception of Terrorism The symbiotic relationship between terrorism and media produces a particular perception of terrorism as an existential threat to the security of Western countries.

The media plays a critical role in producing the illusion that terrorism is an existential threat to the security of Western countries.


There is a difference between security and existential threats. In many developing countries, the systematic effects of terrorism are real- e.

The existence of actors with the capacity for violence other than the state is always a threat to state legitimacy and, under certain conditions, can precipitate civil conflict. However, the current terrorism threat posed to Western countries represents a security threat, not an existential threat.

The ‘perverse, symbiotic relationship’ between terrorism and the media | SBS Life

It is because of the availability bias that perceptions of risk may be in error. Second, it describes the hyper connectivity between people, places, and ideas. It also depoliticises the threat, making it seem random or evil. Consequently, terrorism becomes code word for mystery and uncontrollable threat. The surfeit media coverage of terrorism in Western countries can be contrasted with the dearth treatment of terrorism in other parts of the world where the bulk of terrorism actually happens.

Terrorism, Religion, Politics, & Media.

Nigeria, Syria, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iraq, but even these numbers are deceptive. The rise of terrorism since is not a sign of how dangerous the world has become, but in fact the opposite. The copycat effect is the tendency of sensational publicity about violent murders or suicides to result in more of the same through imitation.

terrorism and media relationship

They successfully diverted the plane, carrying thirty-two passengers and ten crew members to Algiers. This spectacular form of terrorism, designed to get global attention, would become a regular occurrence in subsequent years.

Significant for the security services, copy-cat attacks have the tendency to produce the phenomenon of waves: This copy-cat trend is currently manifested through the use of cars, trucks, vans and cleavers in the execution of terrorist acts.

These low sophisticated attacks have made it very difficult for the security apparatus to respond effectively, both in terms of prevention and detection. Broadcasting these attacks communicates a powerful signal to prospective lone actors and would-be terrorists: An unexpected consequence of the media coverage of low-tech attacks is that it has lowered the bar for entry into terrorism.

Copy-cat terrorism provides terrorists, particularly lone actors, with the fame that they seek. Similar to celebrities, lone actor terrorists desire to become somebody- which they believe is attainable through terrorism. While there is no standard profile of a lone actor terrorist, according to research conducted by RUSI, it was also the case that among a third of the lone-actor terrorists examined by the study - again, both right-wing extremists and violent Islamists - there were potential signs of underlying mental health condition.

Research has also shown that many of the Jihadist lone attacks after were committed by individuals with criminal backgrounds. Lone actors have a diversity of motivations and fantasies e.

terrorism and media relationship

Doing so confers a higher sense of purpose and meaning to an otherwise criminal act. By broadcasting their faces and actions the media gives lone actors the opportunity to fulfil their fantasies of going out in a blaze of glory. Missing however from discussions about terrorism is how it is mediated and represented through media in a holistic sense that includes the effect of old and new media in tandem.

The communicative aspect of modern terrorism is often underplayed albeit acknowledged in scholarship and among security agenciesnot to mention the understated fact that both the media and terrorism rely on each other and dynamically recalibrate their respective interests in relation to each other.

By examining the role media plays in broadcasting terrorist propaganda, in inflating the security threat and by inspiring copy-cat terrorism through unfettered coverage of terrorist attacks, this brief attempts to re-elevate the media-terrorism symbiosis to the fore.

Although terrorist campaigns and organisations eventually came to an end, the threat of terrorism can never be eliminated. The most we can do is to contain terrorism and reduce the risk of terrorism to a manageable level.

Today, terrorism dominates global news bulletins. Why some acts are classified as terrorism but others aren't The person accused of the Melbourne Bourke Street Mall "massacre" has been charged with six counts of murder, but not any terror-related offences.

Meanwhile, recent tragic events overseas have been branded as "terrorist attacks". It keeps people pretty edgy, because at the end of the day they don't know if their next-door neighbour wants to kill them.

terrorism and media relationship

Today, the threat of terrorism never feels far away, with news of terror raids in Sydney over last weekend only adding to our collective fear.

Four men were arrested in the raids and police recovered items that could be used to make a homemade bomb, believed to have been intended to bring down a plane. While terrorism attacks that affect the West are comprehensively covered by the media, the professor says there is less interest in similar incidents in countries like Pakistan, Afghanistan or Iraq. We were not told the names of the hostages who escaped. How attitudes to diversity change after a terrorist attack A small minority of people who feel uncomfortable with diversity may well become more hostile towards Muslims and minorities after a terrorist attack, but those who are committed to tolerance will become more understanding.

terrorism and media relationship

Everyone realised that there were lives at stake here. Follow the author on Twitter: Terrorist or hipster — what does a beard mean? All around us in Western media, young Arabic-looking men with beards equal terrorists.