Although most research regarding teacher-student relationships investigate the elementary years of Journal of youth and adolescence, 41(2), It repeated a widely-circulated misrepresentation of a piece of research on student-teacher relationships. This has been removed. teacher-student relationships are considered an integral part of classroom . Table 2. Average time [sec] for each learning configuration in traditional and
Journal of School Psychology, 39 4 Life-span development of self-esteem and its effects on important life outcomes. Journal of personality and social psychology, 6 Teacher-child relationships and academic achievement: A multi-level propensity score model approach.
Journal of School Psychology. Parent involvement, classroom emotional support, and student behaviors: The Elementary School Journal. Child Development, Urban Education, 34 3 The role of caring in the teacher-student relationship for at-risk students. Sociological Inquiry, 71 2 Implementing a teacher—student relationship program in a high-poverty urban school: Effects on social, emotional, and academic adjustment and lessons learned.
Journal of School Psychology, 43 2 Teacher-child relationship and behavior problem trajectories in elementary school.
American Educational Research Journal, 48 1 Self-efficacy beliefs in academic settings. Review of Educational Research, 66 4 Representations of relationships to teachers, parents, and friends as predictors of academic motivation and self-esteem.
The Journal of Early Adolescence, 14 2 Trajectories of classroom externalizing behavior: Contributions of child characteristics, family characteristics, and the teacher—child relationship during the school transition. Journal of School Psychology, 43 1 Are effective teachers like good parents? Child Development, 73 1 Sociometric status and adjustment in middle school: The Journal of Early Adolescence, 23 1 Self-motivation for academic attainment: We're in a different situation these days.
Last week, it was the turn of Christopher Reen, a classroom supervisor who became the fifth member of staff in three years at his school to face criminal charges over a sexual relationship with a pupil. In both cases, mobile phone text messages — allegedly, in the case of Reen and a year-old pupil at Headlands school in Bridlington, Yorkshire, more than of them — were submitted in court as evidence of the offence. But behind these headline-grabbing scandals lies a more mundane reality for teachers today, which, while it cannot excuse such incidents, may perhaps go part of the way to explaining them: Once upon a time, teachers simply did not exist outside school.
There was a fixed distance; a clear definition of roles; lines that should not and, more often than not, could not be crossed. Now, contact outside the classroom is not only easier but, in many schools, actively encouraged — school web portals on which teachers and students can upload and download assignments, email each other questions and answers, post announcements and sometimes even chat in real time, are increasingly becoming the norm.
That fixed distance is shortening; those old boundaries — between professional and private, home and school, formal and informal — are blurring. It has been illegal in Britain since for a teacher to engage in sexual activity with any pupil at their school under the age of But despite a recent YouGov survey of 2, adults claiming that one in six people know someone who had an "intimate relationship" with a teacher while at school, teachers stress that the number of cases that ever go as far as court is tiny, and the number that end up in a conviction tinier still.
- Correcting Students in a Constructive Way
- Communicating Positive Expectations
The NASUWT says it deals with about allegations of misconduct against its members each year, but only five or six involving inappropriate sexual contact most concern alleged physical abuse.
As obviously inexcusable as they are, however, some teachers feel the intense media and public focus on a small number of high-profile cases such as those of Goddard and Reen — or, to take two more, Jenine Saville-King, a Watford teaching assistant cleared two years ago of sexual activity after exchanging pages of MSN messages in three months and text messages in four days with a year-old pupil, and Madeleine Martin, a religious education teacher from Manchester, who this month admitted an eight-day affair with a year-old boy from her school whom she first arranged to meet on Facebook — may be missing a much broader point.
Developing Positive Teacher-Student Relations
That's always happened, and I imagine it always will. Electronic media certainly gives greater access. But while it may also give the illusion of creating a private space, it's also written evidence. There is definitely an issue here, though. Electronic communication is different. And while schools are creating web portals and actively encouraging online contact between staff and pupils, there are all sorts of guidelines warning us never ever to use Facebook with students, or to give out our personal mobile phone numbers or email addresses.
The trouble is, it's very easy for the lines to get blurred. Public and private space get muddied.
Blurred boundaries for teachers | Education | The Guardian
So what do you do? You don't want to risk losing the kids, so you give them your own mobile number. And once that's happened, once a number is out there. And emails, too; I've sent personal emails to sixth-formers wishing them luck with their exam the next day. You can't be a jobsworth these days. However, it doesn't have to be a negative part of your job.
In fact, you can actually build positive relationships when you correct students.
If you don't believe this, think for just a minute about students you have had in the past who came back to school to visit you. Often it is the students who were the most challenging and with whom you had to spend the most time who continue to visit you over the years. This is due to the positive relationships you developed with them.
The goal in correcting students should be to have them reflect on what they did, be sorry that they disappointed you, and make a better choice in the future. I'm going to be sure I don't get caught next time. If you allow students to keep their dignity, you increase the chance that they will reflect on their behavior and choose their behaviors more wisely in the future.
The correction process will be counterproductive if students are corrected in a manner that communicates bitterness, sarcasm, low expectations, or disgust.
The goal is to provide a quick, fair, and meaningful consequence while at the same time communicating that you care for and respect the student. Steps to Use When Correcting Students Review what happened Identify and accept the student's feelings Review alternative actions Explain the building policy as it applies to the situation Let the student know that all students are treated the same Invoke an immediate and meaningful consequence Let the student know you are disappointed that you have to invoke a consequence to his or her action Communicate an expectation that the student will do better in the future Imagine that Johnny hit Sam because Sam called his mother a name.
This is how you could put these disciplinary steps in place: Discuss the incident with Johnny. Begin with fact finding to be sure that you are appropriately correcting the student. The worst way to affect teacher-student relationships is to unfairly discipline a student. Identify and accept the student's feelings. Tell Johnny that you understand why it upset him to hear somebody call his mother a name and that you, too, would be upset if someone maligned your mother. It's important to understand that this step communicates that you respect and understand his feelings but that you are not accepting his actions.
Go over with Johnny the different actions he could have taken, such as ignoring the remark or reporting it to a teacher. Explain the building policy as it applies to the situation. Remind Johnny of the building policy of not fighting and that the rule is if anyone hits another student, he or she will be sent to the office and possibly be suspended from school. Let the student know that all students are treated the same. Make sure that Johnny understands that all students must adhere to the policy and that any student who disregards the rule will suffer the consequences.
Invoke an immediate and meaningful consequence. Communicate with the office about what happened and send Johnny to the office.
Chapter 1. Developing Positive Teacher-Student Relations
Let the student know you are disappointed that you have to invoke a consequence to his or her action. Tell Johnny that you are disappointed that his actions have led to this situation. Communicate an expectation that the student will do better in the future. Remind Johnny that, although you do not approve of his actions and do not like to send him or any student to the office, you like him and know that he will make a better choice next time. Also tell him that you are there to support him and work through these issues with him in the future.